Jul 11

Learn English Grammar (visual): must; have to; must not; don’t have to; need not

Chris explains the difference between ‘must’, ‘have to’, ‘must not’, ‘don’t have to’ and ‘need not’ (needn’t). For Dani. See visual below.



Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘You must go to all your classes’.


Have to

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘I have to go shopping’.


Must not

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? No.

‘You must not smoke at school’.


Do not (don’t) have to

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You don’t have to come later’.


Need not (needn’t)

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You needn’t come later if you don’t want to’.



must = have to

don’t have to = needn’t = don’t need to

Must etc Jul 18 JPEG

Jul 08

World Cup Fever: what does ‘it’s coming home’ mean?

Chris explains why English people always write ‘it’s coming home’ during the World Cup.

Football song by the Lightning Seeds and Baddiel and Skinner in 1996.

Three Lions (it’s coming home) music video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJqimlFcJsM

30 years of hurt = 1966 – 1996 (30 years) – 52 years now!

The three lions = the England football team

That tackle by Moore = Bobby Moore

When Lineker scored = Gary Lineker

Bobby belting the ball = Bobby Charlton

Jul 08

Learn British English Free: Three Lions (it’s coming home) lyrics gap-fill

Please click here for my document where you can play the song below for students and have them try to fill in the missing words (25 total).

“Three Lions (it’s coming home)” by the Lightning Seeds, Baddiel and Skinner. Lyrics and gap-fill exercise for use in English lessons.

Jul 07

Learn British English Free: vocabulary for World Cup stages (visual)

World Cup Fever: vocabulary for World Cup stages

World Cup Stages JPEG

Jul 03

God Save the Queen (English lesson)

Chris explains the first verse of ‘God Save the Queen’.

‘God Save the Queen’ (standard version)
Performed at Harry and Meghan’s wedding.

God save our gracious Queen!
Long live our noble Queen!
God save the Queen!
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen!

Jul 01

Learn Modern English Grammar (video): ‘this’ and ‘that’

When to use ‘this’ or ‘that’ by Chris. Thanks, Evgeny!

We only use ‘this’ for something physical that is near us. We use ‘that’ to refer to any subject or object otherwise, such as these examples:

‘I don’t want this one; I want that one.’

‘Uruguay beat Portugal in the round of 16.’
‘Yes, I saw. That was a great performance.’

‘The sunny weather’s going to continue for another couple of weeks. What do you think about that?’

Ask someone’s opinion: ‘What do you think about that?’

‘Should I wear this hat to the party on Friday?’
‘Ou – I’m not sure about that.’

Jul 01

Learn British English Free: World Cup Idioms (visual)

the favourite(s) = the person or team expected to win

the underdog(s) = the person or team expected to lose

a dark horse = an unexpected contender

World Cup Idioms JPEG

Jun 23

English Grammar: ‘win’ + object or ‘beat’ + object (common mistake)

World Cup Fever: how to use ‘win’ and ‘beat’ CORRECTLY

Football Win Beat JPEG

May 06

Phonemic Poem 6: /ʤ/

Chris reads Phonemic Poem 6 on the /ʤ/ sound.

Click here for the poem document.

The jury budged the jokey judge.

Jolly Julie made us fudge.

Jest and joke; jump to your ledge.

Juicy dew drenches the hedge.

Gentle legends due to age;

dubious duties induce rage.

Jumping genies jive unhinged.

Duly produce this poem you’ve binged.

Via YouTube.

Apr 29

Phonemic Poem 5: /ɜ:/

Chris reads Phonemic Poem 5, which is about the /ɜ:/ sound.

Click here for the poem document.

Have you heard about this word?

Murderous workers cursed and stirred.

‘Air’ or ‘are’? Er…it’s reverted

to it’s worst, yet not perverted.

Girl, bird, world; hurt is her.

British food is burnt and ugh!

Via YouTube.

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