Aug 27

Learn British English Grammar Free (video): can; could; to be able to (subtitles / captions)

Chris presents some ideas about different ways to use can, could and to be able to. Via YouTube

CAN = modal verb

I can do it or I can’t (cannot) do it

can’t use it in the past

can for permission: Can I go out? You can’t smoke here (instruction)

can for ability: I can speak three languages or I can’t speak three languages

can in the future: I can see you tomorrow

 

COULD = can in the past  (modal verb)

I could come or I couldn’t (could not) come (past)

could for questions (more polite):

Could you do that outside, please?

could = can in the past: I could do that when I was younger

couldn’t for something you don’t want to do:

I couldn’t make fun of him (it is possible but I don’t want to)

 

TO BE ABLE TO is possible with the past and future – not a modal verb

able – ability (noun)

I’m able to see him now or I’m not able to see him now

use with future + will:

I will be able to come tomorrow

I won’t be able to come tomorrow

use to be able to in the past:

I was able to do that when I was younger

I used to be able to do that

‘can’ is more common than ‘be able to’ because it’s shorter and more useful

Aug 26

Learn British English Free: vocabulary list 2

The second English vocabulary list is ready for students C1 or higher. The list includes selected words and approximate synonyms, with phonetic transcriptions, word stress markings and links to many Cambridge Dictionary pages where you can hear the words pronounced.

This version features links to the British Council’s Countryside is Great worksheets and lesson plan, supplementing the vocabulary selection for beautiful scenery.

Please click here for the list: Vocabulary List 2 (26 August 2018)

Aug 23

Video lesson: Learn British English Free: ‘bitch’ – rude (subtitles / captions)

Chris explains some meanings of the word ‘bitch’.
pronunciation: ‘bitch’ or ‘beach’
a bitch (noun)
– female dog
– a complaint
– slang for an unkind or unpleasant woman (rude)
to bitch (about someone)
bitchy (adjective)

Via YouTube.

Aug 19

Learn British English Free: vocabulary list 1

Chris presents his first vocabulary list, featuring advanced vocabulary that he is studying

Please click here for the list:

Vocabulary list (19 August 2018)

Aug 05

Learn British English Free (video): ‘petrichor’ definition and pronunciation

Refreshing vocabulary lesson: ‘petrichor’ pronunciation: /ˈpɛtrɪkɔːr/

petrichor definition: the smell of rain on dry ground

example: ‘I love the smell of petrichor in the morning’

via YouTube

Jul 12

Learn British English Grammar Free (video): must; have to; must not; don’t have to; need not

Chris explains the difference between ‘must’, ‘have to’, ‘must not’, ‘don’t have to’ and ‘need not’ (needn’t). For Dani. Please click here for a visual grammar cline.

Must

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘You must go to all your classes’.

 

Have to

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘I have to go shopping’.

 

Must not

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? No.

‘You must not smoke at school’.

 

Do not (don’t) have to

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You don’t have to come later’.

 

Need not (needn’t)

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You needn’t come later if you don’t want to’.

 

Notes

must = have to

don’t have to = needn’t = don’t need to

Jul 11

Learn English Grammar (visual): must; have to; must not; don’t have to; need not

Chris explains the difference between ‘must’, ‘have to’, ‘must not’, ‘don’t have to’ and ‘need not’ (needn’t). For Dani. See visual below.

 

Must

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘You must go to all your classes’.

 

Have to

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? Yes.

‘I have to go shopping’.

 

Must not

Obligation: yes.

Do you do it? No.

‘You must not smoke at school’.

 

Do not (don’t) have to

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You don’t have to come later’.

 

Need not (needn’t)

Obligation: no.

Do you do it? You choose.

‘You needn’t come later if you don’t want to’.

 

Notes

must = have to

don’t have to = needn’t = don’t need to

Must etc Jul 18 JPEG

Jul 08

World Cup Fever: what does ‘it’s coming home’ mean?

Chris explains why English people always write ‘it’s coming home’ during the World Cup.

Football song by the Lightning Seeds and Baddiel and Skinner in 1996.

Three Lions (it’s coming home) music video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJqimlFcJsM

30 years of hurt = 1966 – 1996 (30 years) – 52 years now!

The three lions = the England football team

That tackle by Moore = Bobby Moore

When Lineker scored = Gary Lineker

Bobby belting the ball = Bobby Charlton

Jul 08

Learn British English Free: Three Lions (it’s coming home) lyrics gap-fill

Please click here for my document where you can play the song below for students and have them try to fill in the missing words (25 total).

“Three Lions (it’s coming home)” by the Lightning Seeds, Baddiel and Skinner. Lyrics and gap-fill exercise for use in English lessons.

Jul 07

Learn British English Free: vocabulary for World Cup stages (visual)

World Cup Fever: vocabulary for World Cup stages

World Cup Stages JPEG

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