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Jun 18

English Homophones Part 4 (free video lesson)

Via the BBC (click).

Please watch the video below with captions and read the text below it.

English Homophones Part 1

English Homophones Part 2

English Homophones Part 3

Affect / effect

 

The verb ‘to affect’ means ‘to have an influence on’; ‘to effect’ means ‘to cause, accomplish’.

 

In most cases affect will be the verb, effect the noun.

 

Bail / bale

 

Use bail for the temporary release of someone awaiting trial.

 

To bail out is to help a company or person with financial problems (noun: bailout).

 

Use bale out for removing water from a boat, or jumping out of a plane.

 

Complement / compliment

 

To complement means to make complete or supply what is lacking.

 

Whether as a noun or verb, compliment means (to) praise.

 

Defuse / diffuse

 

defuse is to make safe an explosive;

 

diffuse is something that’s widespread.

 

Discreet / discrete

 

discreet means ‘careful’ or ‘tactful’;

 

discrete means ‘distinct and separate’.

 

Fazed / phased

 

someone who is disorientated or disconcerted can be described as fazed,

 

whereas phased means ‘introduced in stages’.

 

Formerly / formally

 

formerly means previously;

 

formally according to convention.

 

Gate / gait

 

gate is an entry; gait is a manner of walking.

 

Hangar / hanger

 

a hangar is where aircraft are kept.

 

A hanger is for putting clothes on.

 

Hyperthermia / Hypothermia

 

Hyperthermia is where the body temperature is greatly above normal.

 

Hypothermia is where the body temperature is markedly below normal.

 

Illicit / elicit

 

illicit means illegal;

 

elicit is to extract something, usually information.

 

Licence / license

 

The noun is licence with a ‘c’ (eg: driving licence);

 

the verb has an ‘s’ (eg: licensed to kill).

 

Practice / practise

 

the noun has a ‘c’; the verb has an ‘s’.

 

He’s a practising lawyer running his own practice.

 

Principal / principle

 

principal means ‘first in order of importance’ or a school head;

 

principle means ‘a rule or belief governing one’s personal behaviour’.

 

Rein / reign

 

reins are used on horses; reign is what monarchs do.

 

So you would rein in spending or take over the reins.

2 comments

  1. Veronica Galdieri

    Absolutely Great Work!

    1. ChrisWorkman

      Cheers, Veronica.

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